Archive for the ‘visualization’ Category

Infographic: The Importance of Father Involvement

June 19, 2015fathers, infographic, visualization

Children benefit in many ways if their dads are involved in their lives. A positive father-child relationship can improve a child’s social skills, grades, and health. In addition, a healthy relationship between mom and dad makes it significantly more likely that a child will benefit from times spent with their dads.

Research shows that the children who grow up with involved fathers have concrete benefits:


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1. Nord, Christine, & West, Jerry. (2001) Fathers’ and Mothers’ Involvement in Their Children’s Schools by Family Type and Resident Status. (NCES 2001-032). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.

2. Martin, A., Ryan, R. M., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2007). The joint influence of mother and father parenting on child cognitive outcomes at age 5. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 22(4), 423-439.

3. Yogman, MW, Kindlon, D., & Earls, F. (1995). Father involvement and cognitive/behavioral outcomes of preterm infants. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(1), 58-66.

4. Furstenberg, F.F, & Harris, K.M. (1993). When and why fathers matter: Impacts of father involvement on the children of adolescent mothers. Pp. 117-38 in Young Unwed Fathers: Changing Roles and Emerging Policies. Edited by R.I. Lerman and T.J. Ooms. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

5. Bronte-Tinkew, J., Carrano, J., Horowitz, A., & Kinukawa, A. (2008). Involvement among resident fathers and links to infant cognitive outcomes. Journal of Family Issues, 29, 1211-1244.


Additional Research:

Related Publications:


Infographic – Toxic Stress: Here Today, Here Tomorrow

November 10, 2014early childhood, home visiting, infographic, toxic_stress, visualization

Research shows that toxic levels of stress in early childhood can result in physiological changes that increase the risk of cognitive and physical developmental problems in adolescence and adulthood. The infographic below, “Toxic Stress: Here Today, Here Tomorrow” illustrates what toxic stress is and its impacts, and also highlights some findings in Texas.


 Click for the PDF of “Toxic Stress: Here Today, Here Tomorrow.”

For a more about toxic stress, go to our  Toxic Stress 101 Storify with links to research and news stories on the topic.



Interactive Visualization – Are Income Inequality and Nonmarital Childbearing Related?

August 14, 2014paternity, visualization

Income inequality and nonmarital childbearing have both doubled in the last 30 years. Could the two be related?

A spate of recent books and articles argue that the 30-year surge in nonmarital childbearing and income inequality may actually be two sides of the same coin. Each trend helps reinforce the other: as deepening economic hardship strains relationship stability, low-income parents become increasingly apt to go it alone, thereby hobbling their prospects for upward mobility. At the same time, high-income earners are increasingly likely to marry each other, leading these families to further peel away from the rest.

“The decline in marriage rates among poorer men and women robs parents of supplemental income, of work-life balance, and of time to prepare a child for school. Single-parenthood and intergenerational poverty feed each other. The marriage gap and the income gap amplify one another.” - Derek Thompson, The Atlantic “Scholars have said that changes in marriage patterns — as opposed to changes in individual earnings — may account for as much as 40 percent of the growth in certain measures of inequality.” - Jason DeParle, New York Times 

“Economic woes speed marital decline, as women see fewer ‘marriageable men.’ The opposite also holds true: marital decline compounds economic woes, since it leaves the needy to struggle alone.” - Jason DeParle, New York Times

“Forget the gender gap. The fundamental divide in the United States today runs along the lines of class and marriage. College-educated Americans and their children reap the benefits of comparatively stable, happy marriages, while less-educated Americans—especially the poor and the working-class—are more likely to struggle with family lives marked by discord and marital instability.” - W. Bradford Wilcox, The Wall Street Journal: Book Review of ‘Marriage Markets’ by June Carbone and Naomi Cahn

Click on the interactive visualization below to see the rate of nonmarital childbearing alongside the percentage of income held by the top 1% over the last 30 years.


– by Daniel Dillon, Staff Research Associate


Infographic – Dads on the Dotted Line: Why Unmarried Dads Don’t Establish Paternity

July 16, 2014infographic, paternity, visualization

The signing of a voluntary acknowledgement of paternity is an unwed father’s first legal act of fatherhood; without it, he has none of the legal rights or responsibilities of parenthood. It is also a milestone opportunity for an unmarried father to demonstrate his commitment to his child. Why do some unmarried dads not sign the acknowledgement of paternity form?

For more about paternity establishment, see our recent series of related briefs below or go to our Paternity Establishment research page:

  1. Who Establishes Paternity? 
  2. Why Parents Establish Paternity
  3. Fathers in the First Few Months: A Study of Unmarried Fathers and Their Children
  4. How Unmarried Fathers Support Their Children


Click for PDF version of this infographic.